Beautiful city Baku!
The name of Baku means "city of winds". The coat of arms of Baku is formed of three torches against the sea waves. Long since Azerbaijan is called "Land of fire" and Baku with its burning springs is a sort of Azerbaijan symbol.
Baku is the capital of Azerbaijan. Modern borders of Baku embrace the main part of Absheron Peninsula. Baku is washed by the Caspian Sea in the East. The city includes health resort areas of Absheron Peninsula, which are well-known far beyond the Republics borders. The territory of Baku is about 2200 square kilometers. The population is 2074, 3 thousands people.
Baku is oil and industry center. In the 30's of the 18th century, the first experiences in oil refining took place in Baku and the first oil was drilled on the Bibi-Eibat fields in 1848. In the beginning of the 20th century Baku produced more than half the world's oil.
Baku is one of the oldest cultural and economic centers of Azerbaijan.
It's also the center of education and science of Azerbaijan.
Modern Baku is a city with good amenities and developed infrastructure. Baku harmoniously combines its part and present.
Europe and Asia, western and oriental culture merged here. A variety of the historical monuments clearly confirms this fact. There is the complex of unique ancient structures in the oldest part of the city, "Ichari shahar" fortress ("The Inner City"). Being on of the pearls of Azerbaijan architecture, the complex of Shirvanshahs' Palace (15th
century) is included into the museum-reserve, created here. The Palace ensemble consists of 9 structures. All of them strike by their perfection and jewelry carving in stone.
Situated on the fortress territory the Maiden Tower (12th century) is one of the main city sights. Because of its architectural features the Maiden Tower is the only one in the East.
Located at a distance of 30 kilometers from Baku Zoroasrian fire temple "Ateshgah" is especially interesting. The temple site was holy to the Zoroastrian fire-worshippers.
It is possible to see unique ancient petroglyphs made by primitive people on the cave walls, rocks and stone blocks in the State historical and artistic reserve, located not far from Baku. There are more than 4000 rock carvings in Gobustan.
At present there are many museums in Baku. Amateurs of entertainment will take pleasure at different theatres, movie-theatres, restaurants.
In Baku You will also be able to get acquainted with the magnificent patterns of the West-European architecture of the end of the XIX and the beginning of the XX centuries, and also with remarkable samples of architecture of 30-80 years of the XX century.
Due to its geographic situation, Baku has always played an important role in political and economic relations between Europe, the near and Middle East, Central Asia, India and China. And now, is location at the crossroads of the East and West, keep the attention of the world on Baku.
Welcome to our hospitable city!